What Is A Concussion?
A concussion is one of the milder forms of Traumatic [...]
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): What is TBI?
Any injury that causes the deterioration or destruction of brain cells is considered a Brain Injury. The lack of oxygen in the brain caused by the injury is what is considered “brain damage,” creating the symptoms. This can be caused by a myriad of injuries, conditions or illnesses.
Approximately 20% of the blood from the heart is directed to the brain and any type of failure, even temporary, in the oxygen supply can lead to brain damage. Any longer can be fatal. The brain, as vulnerable as it is, is also highly adaptable. Even though those areas of the brain which have been destroyed are gone forever, other regions can be taught to take over those lost functions.
Brain Function and Traumatic Brain Injury:
What we observe in the person with any type of Brain Injury can be compared to the part of the iceberg that sticks out of the water. Just as more than 90% of the iceberg is invisible, the neurological reasons for these symptoms and behaviors are not visible without a qEEG or Brain Map. The symptoms associated with Brain Injury lie more broadly in the issue of how the brain has been disorganized in electrical functioning and how its attentional and regulatory areas have been effected.
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Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury:
Symptoms of Brain Injury are not always immediate. So care must be taken within 24-72 hours of an occurrence of a blow to the head or other brain event.
Mild traumatic brain injury:
The signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury (concussion) may include:
- Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
- Difficulty sleeping
- No loss of consciousness, but a state of being dazed, confused or disoriented
- Memory or concentration problems
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Dizziness or loss of balance
- Nausea or vomiting
- Mood changes or mood swings
- Sensory problems, such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears or a bad taste in the mouth
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Feeling depressed or anxious
Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries:
Moderate to severe traumatic brain injury can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as the following symptoms that may appear within the first hours to days after a head injury:
- Loss of consciousness from a few minutes to hours
- Profound confusion
- Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
- Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
- Agitation, combativeness or other unusual behavior
- Slurred speech
- Inability to awaken from sleep
- Repeated vomiting or nausea
- Weakness or numbness in the extremities
- Loss of coordination
- Loss of bladder control or bowel control
- Persistent headache or headache that worsens
- Convulsions or seizures
1. A History and Review of Quantitative Electroencephalography in Traumatic Brain Injury
Wallace, Brian E. BA; Wagner, Amy K. MD; Wagner, Eugene P. PhD; McDeavitt, James T. MD
2. Ayers, M. E. (1987). Electroencephalic neurofeedback and closed head injury of 250 individuals. Head Injury Frontiers. National Head Injury Foundation, 380-392.
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Traumatic Brain Injury: Case Study
Sam is a 46 year old. He and his 2nd wife Meg, have a total of 6 children between them. Sam and Meg have been avid motorcyclists for years, touring the countryside and involved in cross country rides with their adult children, other family and friends. Tragically, 4 yrs ago, Sam took a ride to the corner store to pick up a few items needed for dinner. He was cut off by a pickup truck and suffered a severe head injury which put him into a coma.
He was eventually transferred to a sub-acute rehabilitation facility where he received top-notched rehabilitative care. After 6 months of therapy, it was time for him to come home and begin in-home therapy. He had limited recovery after returning home and consulted with his doctors at the SARF. They did some investigation and referred him to a clinic that combines both neurofeeback and counseling.
He and his wife entered counseling, both together and independently. The stress on a caregiver is, many times, overlooked. Sam began neurofeedback right away, following an assessment tool called the Quantitative EEG (qEEG) or Brain Map.
After 3 months of neurofeedback, he began have more comfortable and deep sleep. Within 6 months, his memory and concentration improved significantly. And by 9 months, his balance and gait were so improved, he no longer needed his cane!
He continued on for another 5 months because his mood and emotions were beginning to stabilize in a way he had not experienced before. He was able to return to work, his marriage and relationships with his children were greatly improved, and he found motivation to find new, and for him, safer hobbies!
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What Is A Concussion?
The CDC reports that 1.7 million people suffer a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) [...]
Sam is a 46 year old. He and his 2nd wife Meg, have a [...]